3–4 hours
makes about 3½ quarts
If you cook for vegetarians, you need vegetable stock on hand: so many dishes are improved by substituting stock for water. It's hard to find good vegetable stock at the grocery store, though. Autumn is a good time to put up vegetable stock, as the main ingredients are abundant and cheap. Here's a great version that's full of flavor, easy to make, and straightforward to preserve.
  • 2 tablespoons oil
  • 2 large carrots
  • 2 large stalks celery, with leaves
  • 4 medium onions
  • ½ pound mushrooms (fresh)
  • 2 large cloves garlic
  • 6 large leaves romaine or Swiss chard
  • 1 large or 2 small tomato, fresh and ripe (or substitute 2 plum tomatoes from a can, crushed)
  • 2-3 sprigs parsley (fresh)
  • 4-5 quarts water

chop all the vegetables

Crush the garlic cloves and chop all the other vegetables coarsely, including the greens. Don’t bother to skin or seed the tomatoes. Add other vegetables if you wish, but not any from the cabbage family, as those will make a smelly end product.

brown the aromatics, add the rest, then cook, strain, & chill

Heat oil in an 8 quart stockpot over medium-high heat. Add the carrots, celery, onions, and mushrooms. Cook, stirring often, 10 minutes or so, until the onions are golden brown. Stir in the crushed garlic, and cook a bit more, until the garlic releases its fragrance.

Add the greens, tomatoes, and parsley. Add enough water to cover the vegetables by at least 4 inches. Bring to a boil, then partially cover, reduce the heat, and simmer slowly for about 2 hours.

Strain into a large bowl or pot, pressing down on the solids to extract as much liquid as possible. Cool and chill at least overnight.

After the stock is well chilled, you can skim off the solidified oil, then freeze or can. To freeze the stock, ladle it into proper containers or zip bags, seal, label, and freeze. To can the stock, you will need to bring it to a boil one more time.

can using a pressure canner

Like other non-acid foods, safe canning of vegetable stock requires a pressure canner. Check your jars carefully for any nicks – don’t use any flawed jars for canning. They must be clean but need not be sterile. If you’ll be starting with hot broth, use hot jars and hot water in the canner to begin: remember to match the temperatures and you won’t lose jars to thermal shock.

Prepare the lids per manufacturer directions. Have clean jar bands handy at room temperature. Fill the pressure canner to the proper level (usually marked on the inside.) I like to add about a tablespoon of white vinegar to this water, which keeps film from my jars once they’re canned. Heat the water, so that when the hot jars go in, the water is also hot.

Heat vegetable stock to a boil. Ladle hot stock into hot jars, leaving one inch headspace. Wipe rims, center hot lids on jars, and apply the bands. Tighten the bands only fingertip-tight: they shouldn’t be cranked on too hard.

Close the pressure canner, and follow instructions to process filled jars at 10 pounds pressure for 30 minutes (pints) or 35 minutes (quarts) – you may need to make adjustments for altitude. Once the time has ended, let the canner stand to cool and return to zero pounds pressure on its own. When it may be opened, remove jars to a towel-lined counter, and let them stand for 24 hours, then check the lids for proper seal. The lids should not flex up and down when the center is pressed.

Label the jars carefully:  vegetable stock looks just like chicken stock, and you don’t want to mix them up!


4 Responses

  1. Amanda,
    Your comment is rather forthright. What is your source for this information? usda recommends 20 min pint and 25 min quarts and this is meat broth. This is what i use for vege stock. https://nchfp.uga.edu/how/can_05/stock_broth.html

    • The National Center for Home Food Preservations does not have published times for vegetable stock. The Ball book of home preserving recommends 30 minutes for pints and 35 minutes for quarts.

  2. Hi there,
    please check your facts. Time for veggie broth is 30 for pints 35 for Qts. I know meat is processed for longer than veggie but this is the recommended to for veggie broth not 20 and 25.

    • You’re absolutely right! Post edited to reflect accurate times, and thank you.

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